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HULAGU.

CHAPTER LVI

THE EXTINCTION OF THE CALIPHATE BY HULAGU  KHAN
Well it were if from the heavens tears of blood on earth should flow
For the Ruler of the Faithful, al-Musta'sim, brought so low.
If, Mohamed, at the Judgment from the dust thy head thou'lt raise,
Raise it now, behold the Judgment fallen on thy folk below !
Waves of blood the dainty thresholds of the Palace-beauties whelm ;
While from out ray heart the life-blood dyes my sleeve with hues of woe.
Fear vicissitudes of Fortune ; fear the Sphere's revolving change ;
Who could dream that such a splendour such a fate should overthrow ?
Raise your eyes, 0 ye who once upon that Holy House did gaze,
Watching Khans and Roman Caesars cringing to its portals go.
Now upon that self-same threshold where the Kings their foreheads laid,
From the children of the Prophet's Uncle streams of blood do flow !
Threnody by SADI.
The Division of the Mongol Empire. — By his will
Chengiz Khan divided the immense empire which he had
founded among his four chief sons, or their families—as
in the case of Juji, who had predeceased his father. The
division was made by the distribution of clans as appanages
rather than by strict territorial limits, which it was probably
not his wish to define. The third son, Ogotay, was nomin-
ated Khakan, or " Supreme Khan/' and to make the posi-
tion clear I append the following precis by Lane-Poole::
1.  The line of'Ogotay^ ruling the tribes of Zungaria ;
Khakans till their extinction by the family of Tuli.
2.    The   line  of Tuliy ruling   the   home   clans   of
Mongolistan ; Khakans after Ogotay's line, down to the
Manchu supremacy.
1 Op. clt. p. 205.
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